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Piano and sheet music
Music is a form of art; an expression of emotions through harmonic frequencies. Most music includes people singing with their voices or playing musical instruments, such as the piano, guitar, drums or violin.

The purpose of music is to express and modulate emotions. It is used to soothe, psych up, woo, enrage, sadden and cheer each other, or ourselves. Music is an especially important tool for bonding with and caring for infants.

General definitions of music include common elements such as pitch (which governs melody and harmony), rhythm (and its associated concepts tempo, meter, and articulation), dynamics (loudness and softness), and the sonic qualities of timbre and texture (which are sometimes termed the "colour" of a musical sound)

Types of musical instruments

  • Percussion instrument produces sound by being struck or scraped by a beater, including attached or enclosed beaters or rattles struck, scraped or rubbed by hand or struck against another similar instrument. The percussion family is believed to include the oldest musical instruments.

    • Drums - snare, bass, Timpani
    • Pianos - Celesta - There seems to be some dispute over this !
    • Xylophone - Glockenspiel
    • Cymbals
    • Tambourine
    • Gong
    • Tubular Bells
    • Maraca

  • String instruments (stringed instruments or chordophones) are musical instruments that produce sound from vibrating strings when the performer plays or sounds the strings in some manner.

    • Guitars - electric, 12-string, 6-string 5 + 4-string bass & Ukulele
    • Violins - Fiddle & Viola
    • Cellos
    • Harp
    • Lute
    • Sitar
    • Oud
    • Mandolin
    • Harpsichord

  • Woodwind instruments are in the more general category of wind instruments. There are two main types of woodwind instruments: flutes and reed instruments (otherwise called reed pipes). What differentiates these instruments from other wind instruments is the way in which they produce their sound. All woodwinds produce sound by splitting an exhaled air stream on a sharp edge, such as a reed. Despite the name, woodwind instruments can be made of any material, not just wood. Common examples include brass, silver, cane, as well as other metals such as gold and platinum.

    • Piccolo
    • Flute
    • Oboe
    • English Horn
    • Clarinet including E-Flat and bass
    • Bassoon

  • Brass is used in these instruments because it is malleable with brilliant acoustic properties. A brass instrument is a musical instrument that produces sound by sympathetic vibration of air in a tubular resonator in sympathy with the vibration of the player's lips.

    • Trombone
    • Trumpet
    • Bugle
    • French Horn
    • Tuba

  • Keyboard instruments are played using a keyboard. The most common of these are the piano, organ, and various electronic keyboards, including synthesizers and digital pianos. Other keyboard instruments include celestas, which are struck idiophones operated by a keyboard, and carillons, which are usually housed in bell towers or belfries of churches or municipal buildings.

    • Synthesizer
    • Electric piano
    • Stylophone

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